Because his father, Alexander Stirling Calder, received public commissions, the family traversed the country throughout Calder's childhood.
He was named in honour of Saint Peter and Saint Paulbecause he was born on their solemnity. The family returned to Cologne the next year.
Intwo years after his father's death, Rubens moved with his mother Maria Pypelincks to Antwerp, where he was raised as a Catholic. Religion figured prominently in much of his work, and Rubens later became one of the leading voices of the Catholic Counter-Reformation style of painting  he had said "My passion comes from the heavens, not from earthly musings".
Apprenticeship[ edit ] Portrait of a Young Scholar, from In Antwerp, Rubens received a Renaissance humanist education, studying Latin and classical literature. By fourteen he began his artistic apprenticeship with Tobias Verhaeght. Subsequently, he studied under two of the city's leading painters of the time, the late Mannerist artists Adam van Noort and Otto van Veen.
Rubens completed his education inat which time he entered the Guild of St.
Luke as an independent master. The colouring and compositions of Veronese and Tintoretto had an immediate effect on Rubens's painting, and his later, mature style was profoundly influenced by Titian. There, he studied classical Greek and Roman art and copied works of the Italian masters.
Paul's Church in Antwerp. This journey marked the first of many during his career that combined art and diplomacy. He returned to Italy inwhere he remained for the next four years, first in Mantua and then in Genoa and Rome.
From tohe was mostly in Rome. During this period Rubens received, with the assistance of Cardinal Jacopo Serra the brother of Maria Pallavicinihis most important commission to date for the High Altar of the city's most fashionable new church, Santa Maria in Vallicella also known as the Chiesa Nuova.
The subject was to be St. Gregory the Great and important local saints adoring an icon of the Virgin and Child. He continued to write many of his letters and correspondences in Italian, signed his name as "Pietro Paolo Rubens", and spoke longingly of returning to the peninsula—a hope that never materialized.
Alte Pinakothek Upon hearing of his mother's illness inRubens planned his departure from Italy for Antwerp. However, she died before he arrived home. His return coincided with a period of renewed prosperity in the city with the signing of the Treaty of Antwerp in Aprilwhich initiated the Twelve Years' Truce.
He received special permission to base his studio in Antwerp instead of at their court in Brusselsand to also work for other clients. He remained close to the Archduchess Isabella until her death inand was called upon not only as a painter but also as an ambassador and diplomat.
Rubens further cemented his ties to the city when, on 3 Octoberhe married Isabella Brandtthe daughter of a leading Antwerp citizen and humanist, Jan Brandt.
Descent from the Cross Hermitage Museum In Rubens moved into a new house and studio that he designed. Now the Rubenshuis Museum, the Italian-influenced villa in the centre of Antwerp accommodated his workshop, where he and his apprentices made most of the paintings, and his personal art collection and library, both among the most extensive in Antwerp.
During this time he built up a studio with numerous students and assistants.BIOGRAPHY. Alexander Calder was born in , the second child of artist parents—his father was a sculptor and his mother a painter.
Because his father, Alexander Stirling Calder, received public commissions, the family traversed the country throughout Calder's childhood. TIPS FOR WRITING AN ART EXHIBITION REVIEW.
Are you attending an upcoming art exhibition and interested in writing a review of your experience? Whether it’s for publication, a class assignment, or your own personal blog, here are some tips to ensure that you make the most of your experience and write a review worth sharing.
Museum of International Folk Art. Camino Lejo, on Museum Hill Santa Fe, New Mexico Phone: () View Maps and Directions. SALON TO BIENNIAL explores the development of modern art as shown through a series of highly influential group exhibitions. It is the most important reference book available on the subject, and the only book available that charts these groundbreaking events in such detail and scope.
This page contains a listing of employment opportunities of interest to OAAG members. The information is updated daily. For more information about posted positions, please contact the host institution.
Reviewing art exhibitions at galleries and museums is a craft that takes careful preparation and research. You must care about art and artists and have a .