That variation in force, or tidal gradient, is what produces the distortion in the shape of both Earth and the moon, while the force seen in equation 1 is what keeps Earth and the moon in orbit around each other. As the red arrows in figure 1 imply, there is a "inward" pull on the poles of the Earth, towards the equator, which would tend to squeeze the planet.
However, as a substantial body of economic literature shows, the consequences of high unemployment, falling incomes, and reduced economic activity can have lasting consequences. For example, job loss and falling incomes can force families to delay or forgo a college education for their children.
Frozen credit markets and depressed consumer spending can stop the creation of otherwise vibrant small businesses. This report examines some of the evidence demonstrating the long-run consequences of recessions.
Recession-induced job and income losses can have lasting consequences on individuals and families.
The increase in poverty that will occur as a result of the recession, for example, will have lasting consequences for kids, and will impose long-lasting costs on the economy. The reduction in investment will lead to reduced production capacity for years to come.
Furthermore, since technology is often embedded in new capital equipment, the investment slowdown can also be expected to reduce the adoption of new innovations.
Entrepreneurial activity and business formation: New and small businesses are often at the forefront of technological advancement.
With the credit crunch and the reduction in consumer demand, small businesses are seeing a double squeeze. For example, in43, businesses filed for bankruptcy, up from 28, businesses in and more than double the 19, filings in Only 21 active firms had an initial public offering indown from an average of in the four years prior.
There is also substantial evidence that economic outcomes are passed across generations. As such, economic hardships for parents will mean more economic hurdles for their children.
While it is often said that deficits can cause transfers of wealth from future generations of taxpayers to the present, this cost must also be compared with the economic consequences of recessions that are also passed to future generations.
This analysis also suggests that efforts to stimulate the economy can be very effective over both the short- and long-run.
Using a simple illustrative accounting framework, it is shown that an economic stimulus can lead to a short-run boost in output that outweighs the additional interest costs of the associated debt increase. This is especially true over a short horizon. A recession, therefore, should not be thought of as a one-time event that stresses individuals and families for a couple of years.
Rather, economic downturns will impact the future prospects of all family members, including children, and will have consequences for years to come. The Obama administration has projected that the package would create or save 3. The impact of the package will likely reach well beyond short-term job creation.
The increased spending will stimulate the broader economy, leading to greater economic output, greater national income, and a consequent boost in federal revenue which would offset some of the initial cost.Movie Sneaks ; fall movie preview: 'A Star Is Born,' 'Venom,' 'First Man' and more.
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Pensions, property and more. The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the s, beginning in the United benjaminpohle.com timing of the Great Depression varied across nations; in most countries it started in and lasted until the lates.
It was the longest, deepest, and most widespread depression of the 20th century. In the 21st century, the Great Depression is. 27 Mins Ago. Nov The Brazilian real weakened on Thursday and hit its lowest in a week, while the Mexican peso was on pace to clock its sixth gaining day in seven against a weaker dollar.
May 07, · Blair Kamin has been the Chicago Tribune’s architecture critic since A graduate of Amherst College and the Yale University School of Architecture, he . Executive summary. Economic recessions are often portrayed as short-term events. However, as a substantial body of economic literature shows, the consequences of high unemployment, falling incomes, and reduced economic activity can have lasting consequences.