The term 'the Augustan Age' comes from the self-conscious imitation of the original Augustan writers, Virgil and Horace, by many of the writers of the period. Dryden forms the link between Restoration and Augustan literature; although he wrote ribald comedies in the Restoration vein, his verse satires were highly admired by the generation of poets who followed him, and his writings on literature were very much in a neoclassical spirit. But more than any other it is the name of Alexander Pope which is associated with the epoch known as the Augustan Age, despite the fact that other writers such as Jonathan Swift and Daniel Defoe had a more lasting influence.
Historical context[ edit ] Alexander Popewho had been imitating Horacewrote an Epistle to Augustus that was in fact addressed to George II of Great Britain and seemingly endorsed the notion of his age being like that of Augustus, when poetry became more mannered, political and satirical than in the era of Julius Caesar.
Partially because of the rise of empiricism and partially because of the self-conscious naming of the age in terms of ancient Rometwo rather imprecise labels have been affixed to the age.
One is that it is the age of neoclassicism ; the other is that it is the Age of Reason. While neoclassical criticism from France was imported to English letters, the English had abandoned their strictures in all but name by the s.
Critics disagree over the applicability of the concept of "the Enlightenment" to the literary history of this period.
Donald Greene argued forcefully that the age should rather be known as "The Age of Exuberance", and T. White made a case for "The Age of Scandal". More recently, Roy Porter put forward the notion of a distinctively "English Enlightenment" to characterise the intellectual climate of the period.
The books contain pornographymedicineand classics. The print satirises "new men" wanting to collect libraries without collecting learning. One of the most critical elements of the 18th century was the increasing availability of printed material, both for readers and authors. Books fell in price dramatically and used books were sold at Bartholomew Fair and other fairs.
Additionally, a brisk trade in chapbooks and broadsheets carried London trends and information out to the farthest reaches of the kingdom.
People in York aware of the happenings of Parliament and the court, but people in London were also more aware than before of the happenings of York.
Furthermore, before copyrightpirate editions were commonplace, especially in areas without frequent contact with London. Pirate editions thereby encouraged booksellers to increase their shipments to outlying centres like Dublinwhich further increased awareness across the whole realm.
That was compounded by the end of the Press Restriction Act inwhich allowed for provincial printing presses to be established, creating a printing structure that was no longer under government control Clair — All types of literature were spread quickly in all directions.
Newspapers began and even multiplied. Furthermore, the newspapers were immediately compromised, as the political factions created their own newspapers, planted stories and bribed journalists.
Leading clerics had their sermon collections printed, which were top selling books. Periodicals were exceedingly popular, and the art of essay writing was at nearly its apex.
Furthermore, the happenings of the Royal Society were published regularly, and they were digested and explained or celebrated in more popular presses. The latest books of scholarship had "keys", "indexes" and "digests" made of them that could popularise, summarise and explain them to a wide audience.
Books of etiquette, of correspondence and of moral instruction and hygiene multiplied. Sermon collections, dissertations on religious controversy, and prophecies, both new and old and explained, cropped up in endless variety.
In short, readers in the 18th century were overwhelmed by competing voices.The Augustan Age technically begins with the Battle of Actium and ends with the death of Augustus, but in terms of Augustan Age Literature, its end point is the death of Livy and Ovid in A.D.
Typically, the dates are 44 B.C. to A.D. Augustan literature (sometimes referred to misleadingly as Georgian literature) is a style of British literature produced during the reigns of Queen Anne, King George I, and George II in the first half of the 18th century and ending in the s, with the deaths of Alexander Pope and Jonathan Swift, in and , respectively.
Augustan Age The first half of the 18th century, during which English poets such as Alexander Pope and Jonathan Swift emulated Virgil, Ovid, and Horace—the great Latin poets of the reign of the Emperor Augustus (27 BCE to 14 CE).
In Augustan Age from the creation to the Augustan Age, was the last great writer of the Golden Age; his death in exile in ad 17 marked the close of the period.
Read More. The Augustan Age. The eighteenth century in English literature has been called the Augustan Age, the Neoclassical Age, and the Age of Reason. The term 'the Augustan Age' comes from the self-conscious imitation of the original Augustan writers, Virgil and Horace, by many of the writers of the period.
adjective. of or relating to Augustus Caesar, the first Roman emperor, or to the age (Augustan Age) in which he flourished, which marked the golden age of Latin literature.; of or relating to the neoclassic period, especially of 18th-century English literature.