Neurological sports injuries essay

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Neurological sports injuries essay

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Sensitivity to light Loss of smell or taste If any of these occur after a blow to the head, a health-care professional should be consulted as soon as possible. Concussions and Head Injuries The skull protects the brain against penetrating trauma, but does not absorb all the impact of a violent force.

Neurological sports injuries essay

The brain is cushioned inside the skull by the surrounding cerebrospinal fluid. Despite this, an abrupt blow to the head, or even a rapid deceleration, can cause the brain to contact the inner side of the skull.

There is a potential for tearing of blood vessels, pulling of nerve fibers and bruising of the brain substance. Sometimes the blow can result in microscopic damage to the brain cells without obvious structural damage visible on a CT scan.

In severe cases, the brain tissue can begin to swell. Since the brain cannot escape the rigid confines of the skull, severe swelling can compress the brain and its blood vessels, limiting the flow of blood. Without adequate blood flow, the brain does not receive the necessary flow of oxygen and glucose.

A stroke can occur. Brain swelling after a concussion has the potential to amplify the severity of the injury. A blow to the head can cause a more serious initial injury to the brain. A contusion is a bruise of the brain tissue involving bleeding and swelling in the brain. A skull fracture occurs when the bone of the skull breaks.

A skull fracture by itself may not necessarily be a serious injury. Sometimes, however, the broken skull bones cause bleeding or other damage by cutting into the brain or its coverings. A hematoma is a blood clot that collects in or around the brain. If active bleeding persists, hematomas can rapidly enlarge.

Like brain swelling, the increasing pressure within the rigid confines of the skull due to an enlarging blood clot can cause serious neurological problems, and can even be life-threatening. Some hematomas are surgical emergencies. Hematomas that are small can sometimes go undetected initially, but may cause symptoms and require treatment several days or weeks later.

The warning signs of a serious brain injury are the following: Constant or recurring headache Motor dysfunction: Inability to control or coordinate motor functions or disturbance to balance Sensory: Changes in ability to hear, taste or see; dizziness; hypersensitivity to light or sound Cognitive: Shortened attention span; easily distracted; overstimulated by environment; difficulty staying focused on a task, following directions or understanding information; feeling of disorientation, confusion and other neuropsychological deficiencies.

Difficulty finding the "right" word; difficulty expressing words or thoughts; dysarthric speech. Seek immediate medical attention if any of these warning signs occur. After a player is diagnosed with a concussion, the protocol calls for a minimum of daily monitoring.

The protocol progresses through a series of steps, moving to the next step only when all activities in the current step are tolerated without recurrence of symptoms.

Neurological sports injuries essay

Communication between the player and the medical staff during the protocol is essential. The first step is rest. During this time, in additional to avoiding physical exertion, the player is to avoid electronics, social media and even team meetings until his returns to his baseline level of signs and symptoms.

If aerobics are tolerated, the team physician will reintroduce strength training.Concussions in sports, from youth sports up to the highest professional levels, These cases go towards proving the brain is infinitely complex, and injuries affecting it must be regulated more rigorously in order to maintain the safety and welfare of players.1 American Association of Neurological .

Comas that result from head injuries tend to have a higher rate of recovery than comas related to lack of oxygen. It can be very difficult to predict recovery when a person is a coma. 2 o Know and understand the scope and breadth of the topic of sports injury.

This includes common definitions of sport injuries and the type, severity. 2) In the article, “Concussions in Sports and Recreation,” author Terry Adirim notes that, “ neuropsychological testing is the gold standard in the assessment of concussions.

This is because there is evidence that underlying brain functions continue to be impaired even after reported clinical symptoms of concussion are gone”(Adirim). The Science of Concussion and Brain Injury. How medicine, sports and society are trying to heal and protect the brains of millions amidst the growing awareness of the long-lasting effects of.

Your doctor will most likely perform a neurological examination, which tests for balance, coordination, vision, hearing, and reflexes. A neurological examination for concussion. Imaging Tests. High School Sports Injuries.

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