See Article History Alternative Title: Federal Republic of Nigeria Nigeria, country located on the western coast of Africa. Nigeria has a diverse geography, with climates ranging from arid to humid equatorial. The country has abundant natural resources, notably large deposits of petroleum and natural gas.
However, following a string of political and economic shocks in the late s, the resources allocated to the education sector started declining and as a result, urban- rural and gender disparities in enrolment and educational outcomes started to increase.
In order to stem this deterioration and in recognition of the role of education in economic development, the Government of Nigeria put in place a comprehensive National Policy on Education in Despite the many reforms initiated by successive governments since then, the pressures on education financing have not been alleviated and financing continues to remain a major issue in the Nigerian education system.
State Education in Nigeria is financed by both public and private sources, but data on education spending — including public spending — continues to be fragmented and unreliable. On the public side, the problem seems to be the quantum of financial resources committed by the different tiers of government to education.
The financial commitment and the priority given to education by governments are usually reflected in budgetary allocations, but the decentralized governance system does not allow this data to be picked up with accuracy and ease.
Data from the Federal Ministry of Education seem to indicate a downward trend in federal financing since History of education in northern nigeria mid- s, with budgetary allocations as a percentage of total government expenditure falling overall, from about 9.
Following the fiscal federalism and systemic decentralization, the state and local governments have assumed a significant proportion of public spending on education, and inaggregate levels of state and local government expenditure on education were estimated to be equivalent to 17 percent and 25 percent of total state and local government expenditures respectively.
However, these figures are very broad estimates and based on a small sample of state and local government data. Based on the philosophy of equality and equity, in which all citizens of Nigeria would have equal access to an education that would provide them with appropriate skills and abilities to be contributing members of the society, the key objective of the National Education Policy is the attainment of universal basic education by In keeping with the dynamics of social change and demands on education, this policy has been revised in, and most recently inbut the underlying 1 philosophical basis has not changed.
To achieve these goals, several policies and reform programs, including commitment to Education For All and the Universal Basic Education program, have been initiated. Education development in Nigeria is guided by the National Policy on Education, which provides for both formal and non-formal education.
The formal system prescribes enrolment in primary school at the age of six years and stipulates a structure offering six years of primary, three years of junior secondary, three years of senior secondary and four years of higher education. This structure was slightly altered in toin which a nine-year basic education consisting of six years of primary school and three years of junior high school are merged to form Basic Education.
The senior high school remains three years, as well as a four-year college degree program. The structure of system as it operates in is presented in Fig. The syllabus prepared students for the subject in the West African School Certificate Examinations, the terminal examination at the end of secondary schooling.
However, there were no textbooks in English until about The teachers, who were mostly traditional malams scholars who passed through Arabic Teachers Colleges would use Arabic books, from which they would translate to the students.
With the production of books in English written to the syllabus, Islamic Religious Knowledge became much easier to teach. The Government-run post-secondary 3 Advanced Teachers Colleges and Colleges of Education ran three year courses in Islamic Studies and the subject became widely available in the universities.
Gradually the Arabic speaking Mallams were replaced at secondary level by English-speaking young teachers who were products of the mainstream educational system.HISTORY OF NIGERIA EDUCATION LECTURER REV. FR. EMMANUEL OGU, OP (PhD) MAY, CONTENT Introduction 1. The word “education” 2.
Spread of Islam and Islamic Scholarship in Nigeria 3. Education in Northern Nigeria 1. Indigenous Education Islamic Education Qur’anic School a.
Makarantar Allo b. Makarantar ‘llmi Reform in Islamic Education 4. Since this is an article on history of education perhaps a step by step reference to education system during various times of human history may have been included.
The article directly moves from. northern parts of Nigeria, shifted to the colonial government (Ogunsola, ). In this set up, three forms of education: Qur’anic, traditional and western education co-existed side by side with the north and south each having a. The history of the educational system in the Northern part of Nigeria began with the indigenous or traditional education but has evolved in phases with great influence from the Arabs, and western education promoted by the British administration.
In the 9th century a set kingdoms emerged in Northern Nigeria to replace the Kabara Nation, these Kingdoms share a similar ethno-historical dynamic cemented in their belief in a common origin. The lore of the Fourteen Kingdoms unify the diverse heritage of Northern Nigeria into a cohesive system.
education: Education in British colonies and former colonies In in Nigeria, for instance, only 33 of the 8, primary schools, 9 of the secondary schools, .