The Supreme Court is placed at the topmost position of the entire judicial system of the country. It is supposed to contain the original advisory judicial system in India.
The lowest tier is the Petty Sessions Court. Hierarchy courts court is presided over by Justices of the Peace. The Petty Sessions Court requires a minimum of two justices to be properly constituted. Sometimes Magistrates exercise jurisdiction in these courts and the presiding magistrate exercises the jurisdiction of two Justices of the Peace.
Appeals from this court are to the Circuit Court of the parish in which the Petty Sessions Court sits or by way of case stated to the Court of Appeal The next tier of court is the Parish Court. This court is an inferior court of record and, as is the case with the Justices of the Peace jurisdiction, is governed entirely by statute.
Parish Court Judges have the jurisdiction to try cases summarily as well as on indictment.
The level of sanction, in terms of fines and imprisonment, are lower than that which may be imposed in the Supreme Court. Parish Court Judges preside over a range of courts at this level.
Appeals from the Parish Court are also to the Court of Appeal. At the third tier, the Supreme Court is the highest first instance court. It is a superior court of record and has unlimited jurisdiction. It has both inherent and statutory jurisdiction.
There are also specialised courts which also exercise superior jurisdiction which are presided over by Supreme Court Judges. The Court of Appeal is the court to which all appeals are first referred. The Court of Appeal is the fourth tier of the court structure.
Its procedure is governed by statute. It may confirm, overturn or vary judgments in any cases in which there are appeals from any of the first-instance courts.
Technically, the appeal is to the Head of State which is the Sovereign. The Privy Council hears the appeal and makes a recommendation to the Sovereign as to the manner in which the appeal is to be resolved.
It may recommend confirmation, overturn or variation of the judgment of the Court of Appeal. Appeals to the Privy Council are restricted to cases of a certain monetary value or where they are of exceptional public importance.Welcome to the New Brunswick Courts Web site.
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The information is not intended to represent the opinion of the Judiciary, and does not purport to be, nor should it be relied upon, as legal advice. The citational footnote style is an alternative to the traditional placement of citations, using footnotes only for the citational content that would otherwise appear in the body of an opinion if either the running text citation style (§ [b]) or the citations within parentheses style (§ [c]) were used.
The hierarchy of courts is the arrangement of courts in the method through which appeal flows. If the judgement at the lower court is not satisfying, an appeal can be made to the higher court in order to get redress and justice.
Salona Lutchman is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Public Law at the University of Cape benjaminpohle.com is an admitted Attorney and Notary of the High Court of South Africa. Currently, Salona is a PhD candidate at the Faculty of Law at the University of Cape benjaminpohle.com holds an LL.B.
from the University of KwaZulu Natal and an LL.M. in International Legal Studies from New York University. Martin Shapiro's Courts: A Comparative and Political Analysis is one of those special books that changes the way scholars view a particular subject.
Typically, political scientists and lawyers have considered courts independent, apolitical institutions that apply predetermined legal rules in a . Feb 17, · Courts.
Archbishops' or Prerogative Courts At the top of the pyramid were the courts of the Archbishops of York and Canterbury known as 'Prerogative Courts'..