This is the text of my keynote speech at the 34th Chaos Communication Congress in Leipzig, December
Success of positive psychology Popular press: See the annotated bibliography A dedicated journal: See the annotated bibliography section C2 Handbooks: Seligman and Csikszentmihalyi Chao, ; Chovan. Understanding well-being and optimal functioning: Psychological Inquiry, 22 Replies: Clearly, that is the mark of a powerful, or at least powerfully compelling, idea.
There is an enormous flood of 'aftermarket' positive psychology products out there, and more seem to be generated every month.
Consumers can get their hands on 'positive' books, services, unlicensed life coaches, motivational CD programs, and even bracelets and rocks! For example, in one of his first publications on his new venture he introduces a presidential task force on prevention that will ultimately sponsor a special issue on prevention for the American Psychologist edited by Csikszentmihalyi, "it will ask what psychology can do to nurture highly talented children [italics added]" Seligman, a, p.
In this Essays on hard and soft hrm, Seligman then goes on to ask how we can prevent problems by promoting the competence of individuals. Much of the task of prevention will be to create a science of human strength whose mission will be to foster these virtues in young people" Seligman, a, p.
It can be the 'Manhattan project' of the social sciences, but it will require substantial resources. The positive social science of the 21st century will have as a useful side effect the possibility of prevention of the serious mental illnesses; for there are a set of human strengths that most likely buffer against mental courage, optimism, interpersonal skill, work ethic, hope, responsibility, future-mindedness, honesty and perseverance, to name several.
But it will have as its direct effect a scientific understanding of the practice of civic virtue and of the pursuit of the best things in life" Seligman, b, p. The focus on highly talented children also disappears. Here is a progress report on the three first steps" Seligman, c, p.
Which will be most fruitful for a taxonomy? The DSMs categorize the mental disorders for the purpose of measurement and treatment.
Is there an array of human strengths——the "sanities"—that are the opposite of the disorders? Beyond those qualities provided by genetic inheritance, what would responsible parents most want to bestow on their children?
To assess across time, culture and political systems how closely a people came to the good life, what set of question would we ask? If we wanted to know, as we aged and accomplished or failed, how close we were to the good life, what would we ask ourselves?
Rather than trying to agree on the elusive dimensions of tile good life, can we think instead of an array of paradigmatic "good lives," e.
Do our cultural and religious writings about self—actualization, about wisdom and about creating an art of life yield a taxonomy? We can show the world what actions lead to well-being, to positive individuals, to flourishing communities, and to a just society" Seligman,p.
For it is my belief that no medication or technique of therapy holds as much promise for serving as a buffer against mental illness as does human strength. But psychology's focus on the negative has left us knowing too little about the many instances of growth, mastery, drive, and character building that can develop out of painful life events" Seligman,p.
Interestingly, I don't see any further references to the work of this group. Fredrickson introduced the "Broaden and Build" theory in order to account for what positive emotions do.
They broaden the breadth of thought—action repertoires and build enduring physical, intellectual and social resources Frederickson, Fredrickson advances a new theory describing the form and function of joy, interest, contentment, and love.
In her new approach, she rejects two former common assumptions about emotion: The first is the presumption that emotions must necessarily yield specific action tendencies". Some positive emotions seem instead to spark changes primarily in cognitive activity, with changes in physical activity if any following from these cognitive changes" Fredrickson,p.
Whereas negative emotions narrow a person's momentary thought—action repertoire, positive emotions broaden this repertoire. Thus, positive emotions "prompt individuals to discard time—tested or automatic everyday behavioral scripts and to pursue novel, creative, and often unscripted paths of thought and action" Fredrickson,p.
Fredrickson's new paradigm also may explain how positive emotions may act to regulate negative emotions. Seligman has written that the field's mission is not just to measure positive experience but 'to build the human strengths and civic virtues.
But critics balk at the notion of a psychologist's 'Book of Virtues'. Howard [see Kendler, ], a professor emeritus of psychology at the University of California at Santa Barbara, says he is troubled by any science that sets itself up as a moral authority.
Kendler rejects positive approaches to psychology and concludes that a negative conceptualization of mental health is necessary to serve the needs of society and meet the demands of science.
Seligman says that although he recognizes standards may vary across cultures, he believes in universals.The Hard attack to HRM emphasizes on an employee as a “commodity” or a “resource” -being every bit much a resource as is land. capital etc.
& A ; merely to be treated better incase of a short supply or incase of playing a cardinal function in accomplishing the organization’s ends. Guest () and Storey () in their definitions of soft and hard models of HRM view the key distinction as being whether the emphasis is placed on the human or the resource.
A comprehensive review of positive psychology. Positive psychology. William D. Tillier; Calgary Alberta; Update: Under construction. Good morning. I'm Charlie Stross, and it's my job to tell lies for money.
Or rather, I write science fiction, much of it about our near future, which has in recent years become ridiculously hard to predict. International Scholars Tuition School International Scholars Tuition School (IST) tutors are dedicated to teaching the most comprehensive lessons for the 11+ Common Entrance Exams (CEE), UKiset, Verbal Reasoning, Non-Verbal Reasoning, 13+ Common Entrance Exams (CEE), 13+ Common Academic Scholarship Exams (CASE), and Eton College King’s Scholarship Exams, to Hong Kong students who .
Theory of Human Resources Dissertation Topics. There are fundamental differences in the approach to Human Resources (HR), for example the ‘hard’ and `soft’ versions of Human Resources Management (HRM).