Jan 26, Passenger services Indian Railways operates 8, passenger trains and transports around five billion annually across twenty-seven states and three union territories DelhiPondicherry and Chandigarh. Sikkim is the only state not connected. The passenger division is the most preferred form of long distance transport in most of the country.
The high-profile trial, which came to be known as the McLibel Case, lasted seven and a half years, the longest in English legal history.
The extended legal battle was a PR disaster, with every aspect of the company's working practices being scrutinised and the media presenting the case as a David and Goliath battle.
Steel and Morris announced they had no intention of ever paying, and the company later confirmed it would not be pursuing the money. Steel and Morris went on to challenge UK libel laws in the European Court of Human Rightsclaiming that the lack of access to legal aid and the heavy burden of proof that lay with them, as the defendants' requirement to prove their claims under UK law was a breach of the right to a fair trial and freedom of expression.
The court ruled in their favour  and the UK Government was forced to introduce legislation to change defamation laws. It added that "MacJoy" is a term of endearment for the owner's niece whose name is Scarlett Yu Carcel.
In response, McDonald's claimed that there was no connection with the name Scarlett Yu Carcel to merit the coinage of the word "MacJoy" and that the only logical conclusion over the name is to help the Cebu restaurant ride high on their McDonald's established reputation.
On Februarythe Philippine Supreme Court upheld the right of McDonald's over its registered and internationally recognized trademarks. McDonald's the restaurant chain forced Norman to remove the arches and add the full Norman McDonald's name to its sign so customers would not be confused into thinking the restaurant was affiliated with the McDonald's restaurant chain.
The restaurant is still open to this day though it no longer has the gas station. Justice David Neuberger ruled the McChina name would not cause any confusion among customers and that McDonald's had no right to the prefix Mc. Blair did not sell burgers or chips.
She said she chose the name because she liked the word munchies and wanted the cafe to have a Scottish feel. The cafe's sign reflected this, featuring a Scottish thistle and a St Andrew's flag. But in a statement to Mrs.
Blair's solicitors, McDonald's said if someone used the Mc prefix, even unintentionally, they were using something that does not belong to them. This false claim alleges that McDonald's lost the case, and in addition, was banned from ever opening a McDonald's location on Grand Cayman.
He named his business after his favorite brand of whisky, MacAllan's, after contacting the distillery to see if they would object.
They did not, but McDonald's did. The verdict cannot be appealed. McDonald's claimed that the use of the "Mc" prefix infringed its trademark, while the defendant claimed that McCurry stood for Malaysian Chicken Curry.
InMcDonald's won an initial judgment in the High Court. The judge ruled that the prefix Mc and the use of colours distinctive of the McDonald's brand could confuse and deceive customers. The Appeals Court also said that McDonald's cannot claim an exclusive right to the "Mc" prefix in the country.
McDonald's appealed the decision to the Federal Courtthe highest court in Malaysia. The company had already recognized South Africa as a potentially significant market and had registered its name as a trademark there in Under South African law, trademarks cease to be the property of a company if they are not used for a certain amount of time.
McDonald's had renewed the registration several times, but missed a renewal deadline. Multiple lawsuits were filed. The fast food chain was stunned when the court ruled it had lost the rights to its world-famous name in South Africa.
However, the company eventually won on appeal. McDonald ultimately continued to use his name on his restaurant, despite objections by McDonald's. McDonald's claimed the McBrat name should not be registered because it was too similar to its McKids trade mark, since the word 'brat' is another term for 'kid'.
McBratney, a solicitor specialising in trademarks and intellectual property, argued that his family name had been used in Ireland since the s, and that he had a right to use an abbreviation of that name. In specific, the Kroffts claimed that the character Mayor McCheese was a direct copy of their character, "H.
Pufnstuf" being a mayor himself. In addition to being the home to Ronald and the other core characters, McDonaldland boasted "Thick shake volcanoes", anthropomorphized "Apple pie trees", "The Hamburger Patch" where McDonald's hamburgers grew out of the ground like plants" Filet-O-Fish Lake", and many other fanciful features based around various McDonald's menu items.
In the commercials, the various beings are played by puppets or costumed performers, very similar to the popular H.Nov 12, · Must watch and share to all bihar friends.
Apr 11, · Monopoly of Indian Railways: IIM Case Study In economics, a monopoly (from the Latin word monopolium – Greek language monos, one + polein, to sell) is defined as a persistent market situation where there is only one provider of a product or service.
Agricultural Patenting: A Case Study of Monsanto Shannon Moran Pepperdine University, ).
Further, its legal claims against U.S. farmers since (Gillam, ) demonstrates its aggressive enforcement of patents rights and legal prowess without a monopoly period for recovering research and development (R&D) costs.
Example: Portugal. This case study illustrates how recommendations, as a legal faculty, can be used in conjunction with other advocacy instruments to improve competition in the Portuguese Telecommunications market.
Get an answer for 'What are case studies showing examples of oligopoly in India?' and find homework help for other Reference questions at eNotes.
Introduction• Indian Railways (IR) is the state-owned railway company of India.
Indian Railways has a monopoly on the country’s rail transport.• It is one of the largest and busiest rail networks in the world, transporting just over six billion passengers and almost million tones of freight annually.