Canadian history 1860s factors to confederation

Only the first three listed here entered into Confederation at first, but all did eventually, the last being Newfoundland in Early projects Lord Durham The idea of a legislative union of all British colonies in America goes back to at leastwhen the Albany Congress was held, preceding the Continental Congress of At least twelve other projects followed.

Canadian history 1860s factors to confederation

Last Edited November 22, Alberta, the westernmost of Canada's three Prairie provinces, shares many physical features with its neighbours to the east, Saskatchewan and Manitoba.

Alberta, the westernmost of Canada's three Prairie provinces, shares many physical features with its neighbours to the east, Saskatchewan and Manitoba. Land and Resources Physiography, climate, soil and vegetation combine to create four biophysical regions within Alberta. The Prairie region includes most of southern Alberta, more precisely the land south and east of an arc stretching from Waterton in the southwest corner to a point along the Saskatchewan border east of Red Deer.

This gently rolling grassland is relatively dry and mostly treeless.

Canadian history 1860s factors to confederation

The terrain varies locally, in places broken by deep river valleys and rising from less than m in the northeast to over 1, m in the Cypress Hills in the southeast. The parkland region predominates in central Alberta, forming a crescent to the west and north of the Prairie region and including most of the North Saskatchewan River drainage basin.

The Pinhorn Grazing Reserve contains mixed grassland vegetation and spear grass.

Canadian history 1860s factors to confederation

The Canadian prairies are the northern extremity of a vast grassland region extending almost to the Gulf of Mexico Corel Professional Photos. Previous Next This area varies from the flatland of old lake bottoms to rolling landscape with numerous lakes and depressions.

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It contains both treed and grassy terrain, with soil and climatic factors favourable to agriculture. The boreal forest region covers the northern half of the province. Here great rivers and lakes dominate the landscape, draining northward to the Arctic Ocean. Soil and climatic factors make agriculture difficult, except in the Peace River region of the northwest, where parkland conditions create the world's most northerly grain-growing area.

West of the plains an area of foothill ridges rise to the Rocky Mountains west of Grande Prairie and along the southern portion of Alberta's western boundary with British Columbia.

Some of Canada's most spectacular nnmentatural scenery, with several peaks rising above 3, m, is found here. Geology Alberta's oldest surface landscape is its extreme northeastern part, east of the Slave and lower Athabasca rivers, where crystalline rocks formed during the Precambrian era 4, to million years ago appear at the surface.

This small outcrop of the Canadian Shield does not end in the northeast — its rocks form a basement under the rest of the province, sloping down to 6, m in the southwest.

During the Paleozoic era to million years ago Alberta alternated between dry land and sea, and life evolved from simple plants and animals to vertebrates and dryland vegetation.

The decay of this plant and animal life, especially during the Devonian period to million years agoformed the basis of most of the province's oil and natural gas deposits. The Mesozoic era to 65 million years ago also subjected Alberta to alternating upraisings of the land and infloodings of ocean waters.

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This was the era of the dinosaursthe period that bequeathed the badland formations of the Red Deer River valley, and laid down most of the province's coal resources. View of the Badlands and hoodoos in Dinosaur provincial park, Alberta, Canada.

Porcupine Hills, Alberta, are a forested outlier of the foothills. This image depicts a view of morning fog, late fall, looking west from summit of Porcupine Hills to the Whaleback Ridge and Livingstone Ridge.

Scene depicts open foothills, grassland, aspen woodland and mountain Douglas fir forest photo by Cliff Wallace, courtesy Cottonwood Consultants. Previous Next The Cenozoic era 65 million years ago to the present saw the uplifting of the Rocky Mountains and the establishment of the province's physiographic framework.

About 25, years ago the last advance of continental ice scoured the terrain and virtually covered the entire province. The final retreat of the ice age, beginning about 13, years ago, created the current river systems and soils.

Surface The prairie region of southern Alberta includes both short-grass and mixed-grass characteristics. The short-grass area of the southeastern corner features short, drought-resistant grasses such as blue grama, growing on light brown soil deficient in nitrogen and phosphorus, and about 12 cm deep.

Annual water deficiency and wind erosion cause considerable soil drifting. The mixed-grass area, forming an arc to the west and north of the short-grass region, contains more fertile, dark brown soil, while western wheat grass and other taller grasses provide the natural vegetation.

The parkland regions of central Alberta and the Peace River country are characterized by a natural vegetation cover of tall grasses and aspen trees. The central parkland contains fertile black soils, while the grey soils of the Peace River area are slightly less fertile.

Alberta | The Canadian Encyclopedia

This boreal plains region of Alberta is characterized by an abundance of black spruce photo by Cleve Wershler. In Western Canada, mixed woods grade into the grasslands through a belt of aspen parkland photo by Tim Fitzharris. Balsam fir and jack pine are also found in eastern areas, with alpine fir and lodgepole pine in the west.

Nutrient-deficient grey soils underlie the forest cover. Alpine fir, white spruce and lodgepole pine dominate the lower elevations of the Rocky Mountains. At higher elevations, scattered stands of black spruce and alpine larch are interspersed with lichens and alpine flowers in picturesque alpine meadows.Factors Leading to Confederation Several factors led to Confederation in Of these factors, some were inherently linked to Canada East, which, with Canada West, formed the Province of Canada after the Act of Union was signed in BibMe Free Bibliography & Citation Maker - MLA, APA, Chicago, Harvard.

In the s, New Brunswick had a population of approximately ,, concentrated mostly along the north shore and throughout the Saint John River Valley.

The history of Canadian sports falls into five stages of development: early recreational activities before ; the start of organized competition, ; the emergence of national organizations, ; the rapid growth of both amateur and professional sports, to ; and developments of the last half-century.

Some sports, especially hockey, lacrosse and curling enjoy an. Contributory Factors of Confederation Constitutional Crisis Summary Chapter 2. Female Immigrants and the Canadian State, s through the 20th century Post-War Immigration Canadian History: Post-Confederation includes Learning Objectives and Key Points in most chapter sections, intended to help identify issues of.

In this Canadian context, confederation generally describes the political process that united the colonies in the s, related events and the subsequent incorporation of other colonies and territories.

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