Who is Dr Murray Bowen? It is a theory backed up by a growing body of empirical research. Bowen was a US army physician during World War II who became interested in psychiatry after seeing the varying effects of trauma on soldiers. In researching whole families at the US National Institute of Mental Health in the late s, Bowen noticed patterns of managing anxiety in families that were similar to the instinctive ways other species dealt with threats in or to their herds and packs.
Variations in this adaptiveness depend on several connected factors, including the amount of solid self, the part of self that is not negotiable in relationships.
For example, a person with well thought out principles enhances solid self, and will not be swayed by fads or opinions.
A person with less solid self will feel more pressure to think, feel, and act like the other. This fusion between two people generates more chronic anxiety as one becomes more sensitive to what the other thinks, feels, and does. Acute anxiety also plays a role.
A fairly well differentiated person can develop symptoms under acute anxiety, but will probably return to adaptive functioning soon after. A less differentiated person may live in a stress free environment and therefore function quite well for long periods of time.
Level of differentiation refers to the degree to which a person can think and act for self while in contact with emotionally charged issues. It also refers to the degree Bowen family systems which a person can discern between thoughts and feelings. At higher levels of differentiation, people maintain separate, solid selves under considerable stress and anxiety.
They manage their own reactivity and Bowen family systems thoughtful actions. At lower levels of differentiation, people depend on others to function, and they develop significant symptoms under stress.
They act, often destructively, based on anxious reactions to the environment. Their intellectual reasoning fuses with emotionality. Even highly intelligent people can be poorly differentiated. One cannot actually measure level of differentiation because it requires observation of multiple areas of functioning over a life course.
However, the scale gives a way of conceptualizing variability in coping among people. For example, the concept gives a way of thinking about variability in the functioning among children of the same parents. The process of differentiating a self involves a conscious effort at strengthening or raising the amount of solid self by defining beliefs and principles, managing anxiety and reactivity, and relating differently to the family system.
People engaged in these efforts reap positive benefits for their own functioning, and they automatically raise the level of differentiation in the whole system.
A two-person dyad becomes unstable once anxiety increases. Then, one or both members of the dyad usually pulls in a third person to relieve some of the pressure.
In a three-person system, anxiety has more places to go, and the relationship where it originated experiences some relief. When the three-person system can no longer contain the anxiety, it involves more people and forms a series of interlocking triangles.
Bowen researchers consider triangles a natural function of living systems. Triangles can have either negative or positive outcomes depending on how their members manage anxiety and reactivity. Bowen postulated that if one member of the triangle remains calm and in emotional contact with the other two, the system automatically calms down.
On the other hand, with enough stress and reactivity, members lock into a triangular position, and develop symptoms. People engaged in conflict fight, argue, blame and criticize each other. Partners who distance tend to be emotionally unavailable and to avoid potentially uncomfortable, though important, topics.
Reciprocity in relationships occurs when one person takes on responsibilities for the twosome. The two people slide into overadequate and underadequate roles.
This can become so extreme that one partner becomes incapacitated either with an illness of a general lack of direction. Child focus is discussed more under the next concept. Parents then usually attempt to get the child to change or they ask an expert to "fix" the child.
Experienced Bowen family systems consultants report that when parents can instead manage their own anxiety and resolve their own relationship issues, the functioning of the child automatically improves. This has significant implications for the functioning of future generations, as the emotional family unit is severed in such a way that anxiety has fewer places to be absorbed in the extended family system.
Consequently, chronic anxiety increases. People look for other relationships to substitute for the cut off relationship.
These new relationships intensify and people become vulnerable to symptoms. This concept describes patterns of emotional process through multiple generations. It offers a way of thinking about family patterns that goes beyond a dichotomy of genes versus environment. One of the ways family patterns are transmitted across generations is through relationship triangles.Murray Bowen (/ ˈ b oʊ ən /; 31 January in Waverly, Tennessee – 9 October ) was an American psychiatrist and a professor in psychiatry at the Georgetown benjaminpohle.com was among the pioneers of family therapy and founders of systemic benjaminpohle.coming in the s, he developed a systems theory of the family.
Bowen family systems theory is comprised of eight concepts. Each concept has been added only after its factual basis has been established. The theory postulated that the human family is a multigenerational, natural, living system and that the emotional functioning of each member of the system affects the functioning of the other members in /5(2).
Bowen family systems theory was developed by psychiatrist and researcher Dr Murray Bowen (–90). It is a theory backed up by a growing body of empirical research.1 In recent years Bowen’s concept of ‘differentiation of self’ — which describes differing levels of maturity in relationships — has been shown by researchers to be related to important areas of well-being, including.
American psychiatrist Murray Bowen began to develop his family systems theory in the mids while working as a psychiatrist at the National Institute of Mental Health. Family Systems & Murray Bowen Theory Page 4 of 10 Bowen Theory The family therapy field and Bowen Family Systems Theory is now extensive and comprising several working concepts.
This paper follows the Bowen Theory as it evolved and developed. The.
What are the eight interlocking concepts of Bowen Family Systems Theory? The eight interlocking concepts of Bowen Theory include: 1) Differentiation of Self.