She looked back on her early years in New York as a time of social continuity, and felt that the passing of values from parent to child had a civilizing influence. However, she also saw the hypocrisy and cruelty practiced by individuals who wore the veneer of respectability. Both of these ideas are seen throughout The Age of Innocence, making it a timeless novel of both the Gilded Age and of social change.
American writing began with the work of English adventurers and colonists in the New World chiefly for the benefit of readers in the mother country. Some of these early works reached the level of literature, as in the robust and perhaps truthful account of his adventures by Captain John Smith and the sober, tendentious journalistic histories of John Winthrop and William Bradford in New England.
From the beginning, however, the literature of New England was also directed to the edification and instruction of the colonists themselves, intended to direct them in the ways of the godly.
The first work published in the Puritan colonies was the Bay Psalm Bookand the whole effort of the divines who wrote furiously to set forth their views—among them Roger Williams and Thomas Hooker—was to defend and promote visions of the religious state.
They set forth their visions—in effect the first formulation of the concept of national destiny—in a series of impassioned histories and jeremiads from Edward Johnson's Wonder-Working Providence to Cotton Mather's epic Magnalia Christi Americana Even Puritan poetry was offered uniformly to the service of God.
The best of the Puritan poets, Edward Taylor, whose work was not published until two centuries after his death, wrote metaphysical verse worthy of comparison with that of the English metaphysical poet George Herbert.
Sermons and tracts poured forth until austere Calvinism found its last utterance in the words of Jonathan Edwards. In the other colonies writing was usually more mundane and on the whole less notable, though the journal of the Quaker John Woolman is highly esteemed, and some critics maintain that the best writing of the colonial period is found in the witty and urbane observations of William Byrd, a gentleman planter of Westover, Virginia.
A New Nation and a New Literature: The approach of the American Revolution and the achievement of the actual independence of the United States was a time of intellectual activity as well as social and economic change. The men who were the chief molders of the new state included excellent writers, among them Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton.
They were well supported by others such as Philip Freneau, the first American lyric poet of distinction and an able journalist; the pamphleteer Thomas Paine, later an attacker of conventional religion; and the polemicist Francis Hopkinson, who was also the first American musical composer.
The variously gifted Benjamin Franklin forwarded American literature not only through his own writing but also by founding and promoting newspapers and periodicals.
The infant American theater showed a nationalistic character both in its first comedy, The Contrastby Royall Tyler, and in the dramas of William Dunlap.
Recognition in Europe, and especially in England, was coveted by every aspiring American writer and was first achieved by two men from New York: Washington Irving, who first won attention by presenting American folk stories, and James Fenimore Cooper, who wrote enduring tales of adventure on the frontier and at sea.
By William Cullen Bryant had made himself the leading poet of America with his delicate lyrics extolling nature and his smooth, philosophic poems in the best mode of romanticism.
Even more distinctly a part of the romantic movement were such poets as Joseph Rodman Drake, Fitz-Greene Halleck, and Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, who won the hearts of Americans with glib, moralizing verse and also commanded international respect.
High-mindedness, moral earnestness, the desire to reform society and education, the assertion of a philosophy of the individual as superior to tradition and society—all these were strongly American, and transcendentalists such as Emerson, Thoreau, Margaret Fuller, and Bronson Alcott insisted upon such principles.
Men as diverse as James Russell Lowell, Boston "Brahmin," poet, and critic, and John Greenleaf Whittier, the bucolic poet, joined in support of the abolitionist cause.
Their solemn histories were as distinctly American as the broadly humorous writing that became popular early in the 19th cent.A love story which draws heavily on the author's experiences as a young soldier in Italy.
Lieutenant Frederic Henry, a young American ambulance driver during WWI. Falls in love with nurse Catherine Barkley. The Battle of Caporetto. In Switzerland, their child is born dead, and Catherine dies due to . Values. By the time Edith Wharton wrote The Age of Innocence, she had seen World War I destroy much of the world as she knew it.
She looked back on her early years in New York as a time of social continuity, and felt that the passing of values from parent to child had a civilizing influence. Analysis of a Love Affair in the tale New Year's Day by American Novelist Edith Wharton PAGES 2.
WORDS 1, View Full Essay. More essays like this: edith wharton, new year s day, analysis of love affair. Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University. The first American novel, The Power of Sympathy (), by William Hill Brown, only shortly preceded the Gothic romance, Wieland (), by the first professional American novelist.
Edith Wharton was born on the 24 January, in New York City. She was born into an aristocratic society and was well educated. Her occupations consisted of being a novelist a short story writer as well as being a designer.4/4(12).
Author of the poem "Auld Lang Syne," which is the basis for the song we sing at the New Year. R. Burns. Author of the poem "To a Mouse" R. Burns. American novelist who won the Nobel Prize in Literature Play whose plot is touched off when Leontes becomes paranoid that his very persuasive wife Hermione has been having a love affair.