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It was a German offensive intended to drive a wedge between the American and British armies in France and the Low Countries and recapture the port of Antwerp in The Netherlands to deny the Allies use of the port facilities.
It fell far short of its goals but managed to create a bulge in the American lines 50 miles wide and 70 miles deep, which gave the struggle its alliterative name. The initial German attack force consisted of more thanmen, around 1, tanks and assault guns including the new ton Tiger II tanks and 1, artillery pieces, supported by 2, aircraft, the latter including some Messerschmitt Me jets.
In the opening phases of the battle, they would be facing only some 80, men, less than pieces of armor and about artillery guns. Many of the American troops were inexperienced; the German force included battle-hardened veterans of the tough fighting on the Eastern Front, but they, too, had green units filled with boys and with men who normally would have been considered too old for military service.
During the course of the month-long battle, someGerman,American and 55, British troops became involved.
The Germans lost somemen killed, wounded and missing, tanks and 1, aircraft, losses they could not replace. Allied losses—the majority of them incurred during the first week—included 90, men, tanks and aircraft, but they could make up these losses.
In addition, an estimated 3, civilians died, some during the fighting and others executed by German combat and security forces. See " War Crimes in the Battle of the Bulge. Soviet forces were coming ever closer to the Fatherland from the east, and in the west Allied forces had crossed the German border.
German Chancellor Adolf Hitler intended to launch a surprise attack in the west that would divide and demoralize the Western Allies and, perhaps, convince them to join Germany in its war against the communists of the Soviet Union.
In Mayhe had gambled on a surprise attack through the dense Ardennes Forest into Belgium and France and had won a stunning victory.
Now he planned for history to repeat itself: Other commanders also objected to taking resources away from the Eastern Front for this operation, but Hitler overruled them all. Map by Petho Cartography. The build-up was given the defensive-sounding codename Watch on the Rhine.
Strict security measures included no radio communication to prevent Allied radio intercepts. Eisenhower was planning major operations in the northern and southern sectors of the front.
Accordingly, the center, where the German attack was to fall, was the weakest part of the line. The th Infantry and 9th Armored were green units, untested in combat. The 4th and 28th had suffered high numbers of casualties during operations in the Hurtgen Forest and were receiving thousands of inexperienced replacements.
This small, largely untried force had been assigned an mile-long front; normally, a corps would be defending an area only about one-third that length. Elsenborn Ridge and St. Vith The German attack achieved the desired surprise but often encountered unexpectedly tough resistance.
Their timetable did not allow for delays, but time and again the Americans slowed the enemy advance. The road network in the Ardennes was narrow and rough. Along this ridge, ad-hoc groups of tanks, tank destroyers and dug-in infantry stubbornly resisted.
General Eisenhower, immediately realizing his men were facing a major attack in the Ardennes rushed artillery to support the ridge. The firepower from their guns left the narrow roads choked with wrecked vehicles, in addition to those that broke down on their own from mechanical failure.
After 10 days of intense fighting, Sixth Panzer Army abandoned its attempts to cross Elsenborn Ridge and sought other routes. Many villages saw intense fighting. Because of the road situation, towns where several roads converged were critically important; one such town south of Elsenborn Ridge was St.
Vith and nearby towns, Fifth Panzer Army encountered stiff resistance; on the first day of the German offensive Eisenhower had ordered the 7th Armored Division to St. Vith to support th Infantry units. The narrow roads, ice, snow and mud prevented the Germans from massing their superior armor.
Vith pocket held until December 21 when, in danger of being encircled, the defenders withdrew. Their determined stand had thrown another monkey wrench into the German timetable. Bastogne To the west and south of St.
Vith another crossroads town became the focus of intense fighting. When Eisenhower ordered the 7th Armored to St. Vith he also ordered the 10th Armored Division to Bastogne. It joined the 9th Armored, several artillery battalions, and infantrymen defending Bastogne and the small towns around it.
On the 18th, the Tank Destroyer Battalion arrived, and on the 19th the st Airborne. By the 20th the town was encircled by the advancing enemy, and on the 22nd, four Germans arrived with an ultimatum:Battle Of The Bulge summary: The Battle of the Bulge (December 16, –January 16, ), also known as the Ardennes Offensive, was the largest battle fought on the Western Front in Europe during World War II; it is also the largest battle ever fought by the United States Army.
It was a German offensive intended to drive a wedge between the. The Battle of the Bulge began on December 16, during World War II and a was a desperate attempt by the Germans to defeat the Allies in the West. Battle of the Bulge Facts.
6 Who Were the Commanders During the Battle of the Bulge? 7 Battle of the Bulge Order of Battle; The German counteroffensive had then been defeated; however, was the bloodiest battle of the war for the U.S.
The German casualties have never been accurately assessed, but it is estimated that they lost. The Battle of the Bulge was fought from 16 December until – 25 January and was the last German offensive launched on the Western front and went. The Battle of the Bulge (16 December – 25 January ) was the last major German offensive campaign on the Western Front during World War benjaminpohle.com was launched through the densely forested Ardennes region of Wallonia in eastern Belgium, northeast France, and Luxembourg, towards the end of World War benjaminpohle.com furthest west the offensive reached was the village of Foy-Nôtre-Dame, south east Location: The Ardennes: Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany.
20th World War 2 Matching study guide by katiedowlding includes 73 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Bloodiest Marine Battle in history. Battle of the Buldge.
Last German Offensive in Belgium. This event was the largest allied attack during WWII and the greatest naval attack in history. It marked the beginning of the end.