Instead of going into great detail about that here and now, what I'd like to do is recommend a website which has been put together by a guy named John Hussman. John is a smart guy he has his Ph. The address is [ www. You should check this site out.
Williams on Moral Luck a. The Argument Williams' aim in "Moral Luck" and much of his other work is to discredit the Kantian view of morality and to suggest that it would be best to abandon the notion of morality altogether replacing it with the wider notion he calls the "ethical".
See Williams,for the distinction. In doing so, Williams takes himself to be challenging not just Kantian thinking about morality, but also commonplace ideas about it. He claims the idea that morality is immune to luck is "basic to our ideas of morality" a, p.
Why should this be so? Because, Williams suggests, if moral value does depend on luck, it cannot be the sort of thing we think it is.
We have already noted the extent to which luck permeates our lives. Some are born healthy; others with various sorts of handicaps. Some stumble into great wealth; others work hard, but always remain poor. To those on the losing end of these matters, this often seems unfair.
Success of whatever kind we might seek is not equally available to all. Luck gives some head starts and holds others back. Nonetheless, we might think there is at least one sort of value which is equally available to all: Bill Gates may be richer than Jane Doe, but that does not mean he is a better person.
Donovan Bailey may be faster than Jane Doe, but that does not make him her moral superior. Of course, both these men may be her moral superiors, but, if they are, luck is supposed to have nothing to do with it. Morality thus provides us with a sort of comfort.
In Williams' words, it offers "solace to a sense of the world's unfairness" a, p. As Williams points out, however, this will be cold comfort if morality doesn't matter much.
Thus, just as it is essential to the notion of moral value that it is immune to luck, so, he claims, it is essential that moral value is the supreme sort of value.
Williams claims that moral value can give us the solace he describes only if it really does possess these two characteristics being immune to luck and being the supreme sort of value.
Luck may bring us all sorts of hardship, but when it comes to the single most important sort of value, we are immune to luck. It is against this picture of morality that Williams' argument must be understood.
He presents us with a dilemma: In either case, we have to give up something very important to the notion of moral value; hence, Williams thinks we should give up morality in favour of the ethical. Williams begins the drive towards this dilemma by focusing on rational justification rather than moral justification.
The cornerstone of his argument is the claim that rational justification is a matter of luck to some extent. He uses a thought experiment to make this point.Blegging for Zeugmas: I'm giving a talk Monday where the topic of zeugma avoidance is going to come up.
I'd like to give a familiar quote -- preferably from a famous song, play, novel, or movie -- that contains a zeugma, which is to say "The use of a word to modify or govern two or more words when it is appropriate to each but in a different way, as in . Moral Luck.
A case of moral luck occurs whenever luck makes a moral difference. The problem of moral luck arises from a clash between the apparently widely held intuition that cases of moral luck should not occur with the fact that it is arguably impossible to prevent such cases from arising. Bring Out the GIMP (Girls in Merciless Peril) May Archives.
Discussion Forum for Extreme Bondage Fantasy Video. DVDs or Web. One month of many years of archives. Outliers: The Story of Success is the third non-fiction book written by Malcolm Gladwell and published by Little, Brown and Company on November 18, In Outliers, Gladwell examines the factors that contribute to high levels of benjaminpohle.com support his thesis, he examines why the majority of Canadian ice hockey players are born in the first few months of the calendar year, how Microsoft co.
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