Toyota also referred to its first sports car, the Sportsgiven that both this car and the 86 share a boxer engine layout. InToyota bought The project came to a six-month halt before Toyota invited journalists and Subaru engineers to test a developmental prototype. Following the test, Subaru agreed to become further involved in development.
The ZX, as its predecessors, was known as a Nissan in other parts of the world. This continued in the U. Designed by Kazumasu Takagi and his team of developers, the ZX improved aerodynamics and increased power when compared to its predecessor, the ZX.
The newer Z-car had a drag coefficient of 0. According to Nissanthe V6 engine was supposed to re-create the spirit of the original Fairlady Z.
A turbocharged dual over head cam 2. The Z31 had electronic fuel injection EFIand was rear wheel drive. The Z31 was available in either left or right hand drive. The engine was either a type A or type B sub-designation from to Marchwhile models from April to had a W sub-designation. The W-series engines featured redesigned water jackets for additional cooling, and fully floating piston wrist pins.
The to turbo models featured a Garrett T3 turbocharger with a 7. Finally, these engines were equipped with self-adjusting hydraulic valve lifters.
The transmissions were a 5-speed manual or an optional 4-speed automatic all Z31 automatics were the E4N71B equipped with torque-converter lockup including turbo models.
All Z31s were equipped with a Nissan R rear differential, April and later turbo models received an R clutch limited-slip differential except Shiro Specials which had a Viscous-type limited slip. There were three trim models available: The SF model was only available in Canada.
The voice is a female voice. Starting with this generation, the Fairlady ZX, as it was known in Japan, no longer complied with Japanese Government dimension regulationswhich Japanese buyers were now liable for additional yearly taxes that affected sales.
Japanese consumers who wanted a sports car that was in compliance had the Gazelle that shared much of the technology with the larger ZX, but at lower cost. Some models were also equipped without catalytic converters. All European turbocharged models received a different front lower spoiler as well, with models being unique and production having the same spoiler as the USDM "SS" model.
There was only one trim level in Australia, with the digital dashboard and climate control being an optional upgrade package, and leather seats only available in the redesigned series 3 "Californian" models.
The Australian factory service manual provides camshaft measurements which do not match any of the known USDM or EDM camshaft profiles, the FSM states the exhaust valve has an open duration of degrees, but the specified opening and closing angles add up to degrees.
The exterior badge was fixed to the cars by dealerships, so the position of the badge is not the same on all models.
There was no Shiro Special in Australia, and no models featured the adjustable shock absorbers. Chassis[ edit ] The Z31 chassis was based on the ZX. Turbocharged models, except for the Shiro Special edition, had 3-way electronically adjustable shock absorbers.
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